swear


swear
1. I
1) begin to swear начать ругаться; don't teach my parrot to swear не учи моего попугая сквернословить
2) will you swear? вы даете клятву?; вы можете поклясться?
2. II
swear in some manner
1) swear loudly (coarsely, horribly, mightily, fiercely, abominably, etc.) громко и т.д. ругаться /сквернословить/
2) swear solemnly (truly) торжественно (искренне) обещать /клясться/, давать торжественную (верную) клятву
3. III
1) swear smth. swear loyalty (eternal fidelity, eternal hatred, revenge, friendship, etc.) класться в верности и т.д.; swear an oath давать клятву, присягать; swear allegiance присягать на верность; will you swear it? вы в этом клянетесь?, вы можете поклясться, что это правда?
2) swear smb. swear a witness (the jury) приводить к присяге свидетеля (присяжных)
4. XI
be sworn be is sworn он приведен к присяге; be sworn to smth. he was sworn to secrecy (to allegiance, to loyalty, etc.) от него потребовали дать клятву хранить тайну и т.д. || be sworn into office быть приведенным к служебной присяге
5. XIII
swear to do smth. swear to speak the truth (to be faithful to me, to return, to say nothing, etc.) поклясться /побожиться, торжественно обещать/ говорить правду и т.д.
6. XVI
1) swear at smb., smth. swear at the dog (at the policeman, at one's crew, at the weather, etc.) обругать собаку и т.д.; who are you swearing at? кого вы ругаете?; swear in front of smb. swear in front of children ругаться /сквернословить/ в присутствии детей /при детях/; swear about smth., smb. swear about this wretched weather (about the referee, etc.) ругаться по поводу этой ужасной погоды и т.д.; what are you swearing about? по поводу чего вы ругаетесь? || swear under one's breath выругаться про себя
2) swear on smth. swear on the Bible (on one's sword, etc.) давать клятву /клясться, присягать/ на библии и т.д.; swear on one's honour (on one's life, etc.) клясться честью и т.д.; swear by smth., smb. swear by Heaven (by Almighty God, by Jupiter, by all that is holy, by all that one holds sacred, etc.) клясться небесами и т.д.; swear before smb. I swear before God I did not mean it я клянусь перед богом, что не имел этого в виду
3) swear to smth. swear to the truth of this statement (to one's statement, to its authenticity, etc.) клятвенно подтверждать истинность этого заявления и т.д.; I think I locked the document in the safe, but I couldn't swear to it мне кажется, я запер документ в сейф, но я не могу в этом поклясться; swear in favour of (against) smb., smth. swear in favour of (against) an accused (a criminal, the defence, etc.) под присягой давать показания в пользу (против) обвиняемого и т.д.
4) swear by smb., smth. coll. swear by one's doctor (by his dentist, by his manager, by castor oil, by this mixture .as a cure for a cold, by quinine for malaria, etc.) безгранично верить /доверять/ своему врачу и т.д.
7. XVII
swear to having done smth. swear to having paid him (to having met that man somewhere, etc.) поклясться, что ему уплатили /что ему было уплачено/ и т.д.
8. XIX1
swear like smb. swear like a trooper /like a pirate/ = ругаться как извозчик
9. XXI1
1) swear smth. on smth. swear smth. on the Bible (on one's sword, etc.) клясться в чем-л. на библии и т.д.; swear smth. on one's honour (on one's life, on one's soul, etc.) клясться в чем-л. своей честью и т.д.; swear smth. by smth. swear smth. by all that's holy клясться в чем-л. всем самым святым /всем, что для тебя свято/; swear smth. before smb. swear smth. before God клясться в чем-л. перед богом
2) swear smth. against smb. swear an accusation /a charge/ against smb. подтверждать обвинение против кого-л. под присягой || swear smth. on the witness stand давать свидетельские показания под присягой
3) swear smb. to smth. swear smb. to secrecy (to allegiance, to loyalty, etc.) потребовать от кого-л. клятвенного обещания хранить тайну и т.д.
10. XXV
swear [that]... swear that his story is true (that there was smb. in the next room, she is telling the truth, etc.) клясться /уверять/, что в его рассказе все правда и т.д.

English-Russian dictionary of verb phrases. 2013.

Смотреть что такое "swear" в других словарях:

  • swear — [ swer ] (past tense swore [ swɔr ] ; past participle sworn [ swɔrn ] ) verb ** 1. ) intransitive to use words that are deliberately offensive, for example because you are angry with someone: That s the first time I ve ever heard him swear. swear …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • swear — S2 [sweə US swer] v past tense swore [swo: US swo:r] past participle sworn [swo:n US swo:rn] ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(offensive language)¦ 2¦(promise)¦ 3¦(state the truth)¦ 4 somebody could have sworn (that) ... 5¦(public promise)¦ 6 swear somebody to… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • swear — ► VERB (past swore; past part. sworn) 1) state or promise solemnly or on oath. 2) compel to observe a certain course of action: I am sworn to secrecy. 3) use offensive or obscene language, especially to express anger. ● swear blind Cf. ↑ …   English terms dictionary

  • Swear — Swear, v. i. [imp. {Swore}, formerly {Sware}; p. p. {Sworn}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Swearing}.] [OE. swerien, AS. swerian; akin to D. zweren, OS. swerian, OHG. swerien, G. schw[ o]ren, Icel. sverja, Sw. sv[ a]rja, Dan. sv[ae]rge, Icel. & Sw. svara to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Swear — Swear, v. t. 1. To utter or affirm with a solemn appeal to God for the truth of the declaration; to make (a promise, threat, or resolve) under oath. [1913 Webster] Swear unto me here by God, that thou wilt not deal falsely with me. Gen. xxi. 23.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • swear — vb swore, sworn, swear·ing [Old English swerian] vt 1: to utter or take solemnly swear an oath 2 a: to assert as true or promise under oath a sworn affidavit …   Law dictionary

  • swear — [swer] vi. swore, sworn, swearing [ME swerien < OE swerian, akin to Ger schwören < IE base * swer , to speak > OSlav svariti, to revile] 1. to make a solemn declaration with an appeal to God or to something held sacred for confirmation… …   English World dictionary

  • Swear — may refer to: * Swearing: to utter an oath or Profanity * The Swear (band) * Swear , a single by Sheena Easton * Swear , a 1980s single by Tim Scott / Tim Scott McConnell * SWEAR or S***R, the London based footwear brand. Check their official… …   Wikipedia

  • swear to — To affirm or identify on oath • • • Main Entry: ↑swear * * * ˈswear to [transitive] usually in negatives [present tense I/you/we/they swear to he/she/it swears to …   Useful english dictionary

  • swear — [v1] declare under oath affirm, assert, attest, avow, covenant, cross one’s heart*, depend on, depose, give one’s word*, give witness, have confidence in, maintain, make an affidavit, pledge oneself, plight, promise, rely on, say so*, state,… …   New thesaurus

  • swear — O.E. swerian take an oath (class VI strong verb; past tense swor, pp. sworen), from P.Gmc. *swarjanan, from root *swar (Cf. O.S. swerian, O.N. sverja, Dan. sverge, O.Fris. swera, M.Du. swaren, O.H.G. swerien, Ger. schwören, Goth …   Etymology dictionary

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